The article presents the relations between the categories of individualism,
collectivism and work ethic. Individualism and collectivism are shown as
cultural syndromes and multi-dimensional categories that refer to attitudes and
beliefs and are described as vertical and horizontal versions (of individualism and
collectivism). The main features of work ethic treated as a system of attitudes and
beliefs are: (1) centrality of work; (2) hard work; (3) wasted time, (4) disapproval of
leisure time, (5) tendency to delay gratification, (6) self-reliance, (7) morality/ethics.
The studies carried out on the sample of 414 students show that individualism, collectivism
and work ethic are mutually correlated. What is essential is that stronger
relations with work ethic are represented by vertical and horizontal collectivism.
It was shown in the analysis of regression that vertical individualism decreases
readiness to act honestly. However, the dimensions of collectivism increase it. To
sum up, two perspectives of relations are visible here: 1. aspiring to success that is
connected with individualism; 2. sacrifice, delay of gratification and honest work
that are embodied in collectivism.