tom XXI / numer 2Małgorzata A. Basińska, Anna Andruszkiewicz, Cechy osobowości typu D a funkcjonowanie w chorobie pacjentów ze schorzeniami przewlekłymi

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DOI: 10.14656/PFP20160205


Personality type D is a specific construct, it is characterized by two
dimensions: the tendency to experience negative emotions – depression, anxiety,
anger or hostility, and a tendency to social withdrawal. Recent studies point to its
important role in the pathogenesis and course of many diseases.
In the present work the problem of the occurrence of type D personality stress in patients
chronically for a number of manifestations of the functioning of the disease: acceptance
of illness, beliefs about the location of health control and health behaviors.
The subjects: A total of 204 people together chronically ill, including 135 (66%)
women and 69 (34%) men with a mean age of 49.56 years (SD = 13.13).
In this study, the following psychological methods: Scale DS-14 to D-type personality
assessment and Acceptance of Illness Scale – AIS, Multidimensional Health Locus
of Control Scale – MHLC-B and Inventory Behavioral Health – IZZ .
The subjects were characterized by varying the intensity of the analyzed variables,
the average intensity of illness acceptance and attention to health behavior and
frequent locating beliefs about health control in yourself or other people, and less
frequently in random circumstances. The men did not differ significantly from
women in the acceptance of the disease, type D personality and its components as
well as beliefs about the location of health control, while they differed significantly
in relation to their health behaviors, particularly in the field of prevention, health
practices and healthy eating habits, of which women care more
The intensity of type D personality differentiated level of acceptance of the illness
health behaviors, particularly healthy eating habits and a positive mental attitude,
and beliefs concerning the location of health control in event of accidental. Level D
did not differentiate the characteristics of prevention behaviors and health practices
and two other beliefs about the location of health control – in themselves and
in other people.