tom XXII / numer 2Eugenia Mandal, Magdalena Sitko-Dominik, Płeć psychologiczna, sprawczość i wspólnotowość, aktywność sportowa oraz taktyki wywierania wpływu w bliskich związkach kobiet w środkowym okresie dorosłości

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DOI: 10.14656/PFP20170205


The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between gender,
agency and communion, physical activity, life satisfaction, strategies of exerting
influence employed in marriage by women in perimenopausal age. The research
included 100 women at the age between 45-55 years: 50 were physically active and
50 avoided any physical activity. The methods employed: Bem Sex Role Inventory
(1981; Polish version – Kuczyńska, 1992), the Agentic and Communal Orientation
Scale (Wojciszke, Szlendak, 2010), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985;
Polish adaptation – Juczyński, 2009), the Menopause Evaluation Scale (Bielawska-
-Batorowicz, 2005) and the Questionnaire of Exerting Influence in Close Relationships
Between Women and Men (Mandal, 2014a). The results have shown that
among women who avoid physical activity, the most numerous were those of
undifferentiated gender. Women involved in physical activity were more agency-
-oriented and were more eager to employ the following strategies: Argumentation
and requests, One’s own authority, Romanticism and surprises as well as Quiet
days and sulking. Preference for soft strategies of exerting influence was connected
with a positive attitude towards menopause, and preference for hard strategies was
related to a negative attitude towards menopause.
Key words: midlife, femininity, masculinity, close relationship, attitudes towards